The Most Memorable Jewelry Auction Moments of 2023

EditorsDec 21, 2023

The Most Memorable Jewelry Auction Moments of 2023

From record-setting gems to celebrities and controversy, Associate Editor Lauren McLemore looks back on the year’s most intriguing sales.

Heidi Horten Van Cleef & Arpels and Boivin jewels
“The World of Heidi Horten” sale at Christie’s was one of many memorable auction moments in 2023. The sale, which continued despite controversy, featured more than 700 pieces from the late billionaire’s collection, including the jewels from Van Cleef & Arpels and Boivin, seen here.
As editor on the colored gemstones beat, I had the pleasure of getting to cover some stunning jewels that sold at auction this year, as well as a handful of other interesting sales.

Since April, I’ve written about all sorts of auction activity, from highly anticipated pieces that were pulled from the lineup to large jewels that seemed to vanish mid-sale.

It was difficult to narrow it down to a short list, but some sales did stand out more than others this year.

Here are my six most memorable jewelry auction moments of 2023.

The Bidding Wars I Wished I Had Witnessed
Auctions generally aren’t known as nail-biter events, save for a few remarkable offerings here and there. However, there’s an exciting energy that permeates the room when bidders get competitive.

At Sotheby’s “Magnificent Jewels and Noble Jewels” auction in Geneva in May, an 11.16-carat fancy vivid blue diamond was all the rage.

The “Bulgari Laguna Blu” was presented as the final lot of the jewelry auction’s second session and quickly became the subject of a four-minute bidding war between one buyer who was present and three on the phone.

Bulgari Laguna Blu
The 11-carat Bulgari Laguna Blu sold for more than $25 million at Sotheby’s in May.

In the end, the diamond sold for $25.2 million (a touch above its $25 million estimate) and found its first new owner in 50 years.

It is the most valuable gem set into a piece of Bulgari jewelry ever sold at auction, Sotheby’s said.

Another blue diamond prompted seven minutes of bidding before eventually selling at Christie’s Geneva jewelry sale in November.

Bleu Royal
The fancy vivid “Bleu Royal” sold for $44 million at Christie’s in November.

The 17.61-carat pear-shaped “Bleu Royal” diamond eventually went for $44 million, in the middle of its estimated range of $35 million to $50 million.

The auction house said the Bleu Royal is the largest IF fancy vivid blue diamond ever to come to auction and one of only three fancy vivid blues weighing more than 10 carats ever to appear at a Christie’s sale.

The Record-Breaking Double Whammy
Speaking of big, juicy gemstones, Sotheby’s sold two for more than $30 million each on the same day—a first for any auction house—at its June “Magnificent Jewels” auction.

Less than a year after it was mined, a Mozambiquan ruby dubbed the “Estrela de Fura 55.22” sold for $34.8 million (estimate $30 million). It set a world record for a ruby and any colored gemstone at auction and was bought by a private collector from the Middle East.

Estrela de Fura 55.22 ruby
The “Estrela de Fura,” a 55-carat pigeon’s blood ruby from Mozambique, sold for more than $30 million at Sotheby’s in July, making it the most expensive ruby ever sold at auction.

A 10.57-carat fancy purplish-pink diamond, “The Eternal Pink,” also sold for $34.8 million, setting a world auction record for a fancy purplish-pink diamond and a new price-per-carat record for the color grade.

The Eternal Pink diamond
“The Eternal Pink,” a fancy purplish-pink diamond weighing more than 10 carats, set a new record for the color grade, far surpassing the past marker of $19.9 million set by a 10.64-carat fancy vivid purplish- pink diamond at Sotheby’s Hong Kong in 2019.

Total sales at the auction added up to $95.9 million (estimate $87.9 million– $99.1 million), setting yet another record as the highest ever total for any jewelry auction ever staged at Sotheby’s in New York.

The previous record of $65.1 million was set in April 2015.

The Other Notable Record-Setting Sale … With A Side of Controversy
This next sale I didn’t personally cover, but I’d be remiss to not include it in this memorable auction moments wrap-up.

When Christie’s announced in March it was offering the 700-piece collection of late Austrian billionaire Heidi Horten, the largest and most valuable private jewelry collection ever to come to auction, I was already locked in to Associate Editor Lenore Fedow’s coverage.

The auction house estimated “The World of Heidi Horten” would surpass the record set by the sale of renowned jewelry lover Elizabeth Taylor’s private collection in 2011 (total: $137.2 million).

Before any of the auctions began, The New York Times published details on how Heidi’s husband, Helmut Horten (the late German billionaire behind the now-closed Horten’s chain of department stores) built his empire by buying businesses from Jewish business owners forced to sell their companies for almost nothing by the Nazis.

In response to the controversy, Christie’s said it would donate a “significant” portion of the final sale proceeds to an organization that furthers Holocaust research and education, but Jewish organizations still objected to the sale to (almost) no avail.

The auction house continued with the May sale, with the collection bringing in a record-breaking $156 million in the first part, and an added total of nearly $200 million by the end of the second sale

The final segment of the auction, scheduled for November, was ultimately canceled.

The Celebs-Supporting-Celebs Moment
It’s not too often that we get to know who buys the pieces we fall in love with from afar, so when a buyer is revealed, it’s a bit of a treat.

Drake took the cake for me this year when he revealed himself as the buyer of Tupac Shakur’s self-designed crown ring, which he wore in his last public appearance in 1996.

Tupac crown ring
Tupac commissioned this gold, diamond, and ruby crown ring shortly after being released from jail, desiring a piece that represented both a coronation and rebirth for the rapper, who was looking to start over personally and professionally.

At Sotheby’s July auction of hip-hop memorabilia, the gold, ruby and diamond piece blew its $200,000 estimate out of the water, garnering more than $1 million from the rapper.

The ring was the only hip-hop artifact in the sale to surpass $1 million, according to Sotheby’s.

I also enjoyed the moment Kim Kardashian was revealed as the buyer of Princess Diana’s cross necklace, which appeared in Sotheby’s online “Royal & Noble” sale back in January. 

She paid nearly $200,000 for the piece (estimate $96,000—$144,000).

 Related stories will be right here … 

The Piece I Would’ve Taken Home
Speaking of celebrities … as a certified, die-hard Swiftie, I was completely smitten when this starfish brooch, designed by Spanish surrealist artist Salvador Dalí, hit the auction block.

Salvador Dali Étoile De Mer
Salvador Dalí’s “Étoile De Mer” brooch incorporates cultured pearls, diamonds, rubies, and emeralds and includes two butterfly pins set with emeralds, sapphires, and colored diamonds.

The “Étoile De Mer” sold for $982,000 at Christie’s June Magnificent Jewels auction in New York, and although it fell below its $1 million-1.5 million estimate, some wagered it was the most valuable piece of jewelry by the artist ever sold at auction.

If you’re wondering what this has to do with Taylor Swift, stick with me.

The brooch once belonged to the eccentric Rebekah Harkness, a composer, socialite, sculptor, dance patron, and philanthropist who founded Harkness Ballet.

Rebekah Harkness starfish brooch
Harkness was seen wearing the starfish in myriad ways, like provocatively clinging to her breast or draped over her shoulder, as seen in this photo.

In 1947, Harkness married Standard Oil heir William Hale Harkness. The couple purchased a mansion in Watch Hill, Rhode Island, they named Holiday House, where they threw raucous parties featuring high-society guests, which continued even after William died in 1954.

Dalí frequented the gatherings and helped with sets for Rebekah’s ballet; the two were friends.

Swift found a muse in the rebellious heiress, introducing Harkness to younger generations in a song from her “Folklore” album, “The Last Great American Dynasty.”

She even alludes to the socialite’s friendship with Dalí, recounting in the song how Harkness, “Blew through the money on the boys and the ballet / And losin’ on card game bets with Dalí.”

Oh, and she also bought Holiday House.

The Lot That Revealed New Royal History
My final favorite auction moment of the year is one I didn’t expect to be so invested in.

The November Sotheby’s Geneva auction “Vienna 1900: An Imperial and Royal Collection” featured almost 250 priceless historical treasures from Europe’s greatest princely families.

The event received attention for being a white-glove sale and for being the largest collection of imperial and royal jewelry ever put up for auction, according to the auction house.

The sale featured jewels found in worn travel bags stashed in a German bank safe, undiscovered, and undisturbed, for more than half a century.

The bags contained some jewels deposited in 1948 and others deposited in 1968, linking two women with a shared destiny in the tumultuous world of 20th-century imperial Europe: Princess Eudoxie of Bulgaria and Archduchess Maria Immaculata of Austria-Tuscany. (I’ll spare you the riveting details of their vast family tree.)

Princess Eudoxie’s story begins during World War II in 1944, when the Red Army was preparing to enter Bulgaria. Realizing the monarchy was in its final hours, she sewed her family jewels into pieces of fabric and buried them in her garden.

When she later found herself under house arrest, a prisoner of the Soviets, the princess secretly dug up the jewels and was able to transfer them to her sister-in-law Giovanna of Savoy, wife of Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria.

In 1946, the country’s communist leaders, wanting to do away with the monarchy for good, allowed the last members of the royal family to go.

The women fled to Germany, and the jewels eventually were deposited into the bank vault.

A young Archduchess Maria Immaculata of Austria-Tuscany left Vienna for Germany decades after marrying Duke Robert of Württemberg, and she took mementos of her imperial past with her.

Köchert tiara Archduchess Maria Immaculata
A 19th-century natural pearl and diamond tiara by Köchert that belonged to Archduchess Maria Immaculata of Austria-Tuscany, Duchess of Württemberg. She inherited the tiara from her mother, Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Archduchess of Austria-Tuscany.

After the death of her husband, she spent her final years compiling the history of her jewels before also leaving her collection in the family vault in 1968.

When her jewels were recovered, each was still preserved in its original box, and many had accompanying handwritten notes describing their provenance.

Philipp von Württemberg, who, through his company Philipp Württemberg Art Advisory GmbH, helped organize the auction, was left speechless at the initial opening of each box and was visibly moved when recounting that moment for the press.

Over two sessions, hundreds of bidders globally “fought over” every lot, said Sotheby’s, with many pieces garnering interest from more than five bidders. 

So, I suppose this sale also is deserving of an honorary spot in my “bidding wars” category.

On that note, here’s to more incredible stories and edge-of-my-seat auction moments in the new year. 

After all the excitement of this year, I can’t wait to see what the auction houses have in store for 2024.

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